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  1. Race/ethnicity differences in the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in a group of metal fabricating workers.

    Article - En anglais

    The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health rates noise-induced hearing loss as one of the top 10 work-related problems, involving at least 11 million workers. 7'his retrospective study examines the differences between pure-tone hearing loss and race/ethnicity in 216 white and 70 non-white male metal fabricating workers.

    Significant variables upon univariate analysis found to be associated with race/ethnicity were mean years of employment and proportion of time worked without hearing protection.

    Among whites, the permanent threshold average for 1,2,3 and 4 kHz was 25. 99 dB, compared with 17.71 dB in non-whites (P<0.01).

    Backwards stepwise regression indicated that race/ethnicity, after being adjusted for years of employment, was the major-effect variable.

    The results of this study suggest that occupational noise exposure alone does not alone account for the racial hearing differences.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie métallurgique, Toxicité, Trouble dû au bruit, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Surdité, Homme, Comparaison interindividuelle, Race, Ethnie, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Metallurgical industry, Toxicity, Acoustic trauma, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Hearing loss, Human, Interindividual comparison, Race, Ethnic group, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, ENT disease, Auditory disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0450090

    Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 25/01/1999.