To determine the characteristics of recent fights among seventh-grade students at public middle schools in three dissimilar U.S. communities.
The study sample was composed of 289 seventh-grade students at public middle schools in three U.S. communities who participated in fights during the previous 6 months.
Students at each site completed a self-administered two-part questionnaire (developed for this study) in May or October 1991.
Pearson Chi-square test was performed to determine the association among characteristics of the fights, weapon use, and injury severity.
One or more weapons were present at 43% of the fights, weapons were used to threaten or injure in 23%, and stab or gunshot wounds were reported in 10%. Fights with five or more participants or with participants who were intoxicated or gang members involved more weapon use and more severe injury (p<0.02).
There was more frequent weapon use occurring away from home and school (p<0.01).
Spectators were present at 87% of the fights, and when they attempted to mediate or end the fighting, injury severity was lower.
Students who often carry a weapon were much more likely to report involvement in fights in which weapons were used and to suffer more severe injuries (p<0.02).
Seventh-graders'fights frequently involve the threat and actual use of weapons. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Délinquance juvénile, Violence, Arme, Combat, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Juvenile delinquency, Violence, Weapon, Fighting, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0450002
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 25/01/1999.