Occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an important yet often overlooked. illness that can affect an individual's safety and performance at work.
This article describes a state-based surveillance system for occupational NIHL.
The Michigan surveillance system enables us to describe the magnitude of occupational NIHL among Michigan workers and direct public health interventions in the form of enforcement workplace inspections.
The data presented are based on interviews of individuals with occupational NIHL reported to the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services (MDCIS) by Michigan's audiologists and otolaryngologists from 1992-1997.
From 1992-1997,1378 individuals with occupational NIHL were reported to the MDCIS and interviewed about their exposures to noise at work.
Over 70% of the workplace noise exposures were in manufacturing.
At the most recent company where these individuals were exposed to noise, approximately 46% were not provided regular hearing testing.
Regular hearing lesting was more likely to occur in the larger companies and in industries covered by regulations requiring such testing to be performed.
There were improvements over time in the percentages of companies providing regular hearing testing and hearing protection.
Construction workers are employees among a group of industries that are not adequately protected from excessive noise exposures by occupational regulations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble dû au bruit, Toxicité, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Surdité, Condition travail, Surveillance, Programme sanitaire, Michigan, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acoustic trauma, Toxicity, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Hearing loss, Working condition, Surveillance, Sanitary program, Michigan, United States, North America, America, ENT disease, Auditory disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0449774
Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 25/01/1999.