The initiation of mutual-help groups within residential treatment settings.
Mutual-and self-help groups for persons with severe mental illness have typically been most accessible to individuals who live independently.
In an effort to make their organization more accessible to those who live in residential treatment facilities, Schizophrenics Anonymous (SA) ran introductory mutual-help meetings in four group homes.
The results of a quantitative/qualitative case study of this effort are reported.
The SA meetings were characterized as more and less successful based on the criteria of residents'attendance, participation, evaluation of the meetings, and interest in continued participation.
The following characteristics distinguished between more and less successful meetings : staff support, referent power (i.e., identification with group leaders), and resident characteristics (e.g., gender, education, marital status, level of symptomatology).
In spite of behavioral and self-reported evidence of interest and involvement in the meetings and the potential for continued involvement in the organization, no group home residents continued their participation in SA following the introductory meetings.
This finding is interpreted from an institutional theory perspective that focuses on incompatibility between the ideologies underlying mutual help and the residential treatment system.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Programme sanitaire, Réhabilitation, Support social, Schizophrénie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Psychose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Mental health, Sanitary program, Rehabilitation, Social support, Schizophrenia, United States, North America, America, Human, Psychosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0449730
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 25/01/1999.