A total of 411 milk samples were screened for the residues of the following chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides using chromatographic methods :
DDT insecticides (P, P'-DDT, P, P'-DDE, P, P'-DDD, O, P'-DDT) ;
cyclodiene insecticides (aldrin, endrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, heptachlorepoxide, cis-and trans-chlordane) ;
hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha-HCH, y-HCH) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB).
The milk samples were obtained from lactating women selected randomly from five different geographical regions in Jordan.
These regions were North and Middle Jordan Valley, Amman, Irbid and Zarqa.
All of the studied insecticides were found to contaminate human milk in Jordan, but with high variations in the concentration and percentage of population occurrence.
P, P'-DDE was the predominant contaminant occurring in 80.3% of studied population, followed by P, P'-DDT occurring in 53.5%. The regional results showed that the DDT residues were also the predominant contaminant in all regions and that the North and Middle Jordan Valley regions were the most affected.
Infant's age (i.e. lactation period) had a significant inverse relationship with the concentration of insecticides in the milk fat.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pesticide, Organochloré, Insecticide, Epidémiologie, Femelle, Homme, Jordanie, Asie, Taux, Lait femme, Variation géographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pesticides, Organochlorine compounds, Insecticide, Epidemiology, Female, Human, Jordan, Asia, Rate, Human milk, Geographical variation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0449550
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 25/01/1999.