Infection with either Helicobacter heilmannii or H. pylori causes gastritis in humans.
Whereas the route of transmission of H. pylori appears to be human-human. it has been suggested that H. heilmannii is transmitted by animals.
Two hundred and two patients with histologically confirmed H. heilmannii gastritis and 600 randomly selected patients with H. pylori gastritis were sent a questionnaire, in which they were asked whether they had had or still have regular contact with dogs. cats, rodents, horses, birds, cattle, pigs, or wild animals.
The questionnaires of 177 patients with H.
Heilmannii and 485 with H. pylori infection were evaluated.
In comparison with H. pylori, H. heilmannii infection was strongly associated with contact with dogs, cats, cattle. or pigs.
Logistic regression analysis showed that contact with pigs, cats, and dogs leads to a significant risk of H. heilmannii infection (odds, 4.990,1.710, and 1.462).
Pigs, cats, and dogs appear to be reservoirs in the transmission of H. heilmannii.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gastrite, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bactérie, Questionnaire, Transmission animal homme, Exploration clinique, Facteur risque, Etude longitudinale, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Bactériose, Infection, Hélicobacter heilmannii
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bacteria, Questionnaire, Transmission from animal to man, Clinical investigation, Risk factor, Follow up study, Human, Germany, Europe, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease, Bacteriosis, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0446539
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 25/01/1999.