Peer-reviewed articles and public health : The Mad Cow Affair in Italian newspapers.
International Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication. Prague, CZE, 1997/09.
Context. - It has been suggested that early announcements of research works to be published in peer-reviewed journals may diminish newsworthiness of scientific articles, but this issue has not been widely studied.
- To analyze the impact on the news media, in terms of volume and prominence of coverage, of a scientific article published in peer-reviewed journals about issues with relevance to public health compared with the impact of preliminary release of information on the same issue.
- Analysis of press coverage of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease) in the 7 newspapers with the widest circulation in Italy, between March 20,1996, when the British secretary of state for health announced the identification of 10 cases of a new-variant CJD, described April 6,1996, in The Lancet, and May 10,1996.
Related newspaper articles were identified by hand search.
Main Outcome Measures
- Numbers of newspaper articles published before and after publication of the Lancet article.
- We collected 535 articles, of which 62 (11.6%) appeared on the front page.
The number of articles published daily peaked on March 26 with 48 items and 1 article on the front page of all the newspapers.
A total of 386 (72%) of the 535 articles and 56 (88.7%) of the 62 published on the front page were published in the first 2 weeks of the study period, before the Lancet publication. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Article, Médecine, Document publié, Information, Média, Influence, Encéphalopathie spongiforme Creutzfeldt Jakob, Infection, Italie, Europe, Exploration, Homme, Prion, Littérature scientifique, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Article, Medicine, Published document, Information, Media, Influence, Creutzfeldt Jakob disease, Infection, Italy, Europe, Exploration, Human, Prion, Scientific literature, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0446480
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.