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  1. Peer-reviewed articles and public health : The Mad Cow Affair in Italian newspapers.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    International Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication. Prague, CZE, 1997/09.

    Context. - It has been suggested that early announcements of research works to be published in peer-reviewed journals may diminish newsworthiness of scientific articles, but this issue has not been widely studied.

    Objective

    - To analyze the impact on the news media, in terms of volume and prominence of coverage, of a scientific article published in peer-reviewed journals about issues with relevance to public health compared with the impact of preliminary release of information on the same issue.

    Design

    - Analysis of press coverage of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease) in the 7 newspapers with the widest circulation in Italy, between March 20,1996, when the British secretary of state for health announced the identification of 10 cases of a new-variant CJD, described April 6,1996, in The Lancet, and May 10,1996.

    Related newspaper articles were identified by hand search.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Numbers of newspaper articles published before and after publication of the Lancet article.

    Results

    - We collected 535 articles, of which 62 (11.6%) appeared on the front page.

    The number of articles published daily peaked on March 26 with 48 items and 1 article on the front page of all the newspapers.

    A total of 386 (72%) of the 535 articles and 56 (88.7%) of the 62 published on the front page were published in the first 2 weeks of the study period, before the Lancet publication. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Article, Médecine, Document publié, Information, Média, Influence, Encéphalopathie spongiforme Creutzfeldt Jakob, Infection, Italie, Europe, Exploration, Homme, Prion, Littérature scientifique, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Article, Medicine, Published document, Information, Media, Influence, Creutzfeldt Jakob disease, Infection, Italy, Europe, Exploration, Human, Prion, Scientific literature, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0446480

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.