Prevalence of articles with honorary authors and ghost authors in peer-reviewed medical journals.
International Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication. Prague, CZE, 1997/09.
Authorship in biomedical publications establishes accountability, responsibility, and credit.
Misappropriation of authorship undermines the integrity of the authorship system, but accurate data on its prevalence are limited.
To determine the prevalence of articles with honorary authors (named authors who have not met authorship criteria) and ghost authors (individuals not named as authors but who contributed substantially to the work) in peer-reviewed medical journals and to identify joumal characteristics and article types associated with such authorship misappropriation.
Mailed, self-administered, confidential survey.
A total of 809 corresponding authors (1179 surveyed, 69% response rate) of articles published in 1996 in 3 peer-reviewed, large-circulation general medical journals (Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA, and The New England Journal of Medicine) and 3 peer-reviewed, smaller-circulation journals that publish supplements (American Joumal of Cardiology, American Journal of Medicine, and American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology).
Main Outcome Measures
Prevalence of articles with honorary authors and ghost authors, as reported by corresponding authors.
Of the 809 articles, 492 were original research reports, 240 were reviews and articles not reporting original data, and 77 were editorials. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Article, Médecine, Prévalence, Auteur, Enquête, Homme, Littérature scientifique, Auteur honoraire, Auteur fantôme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Article, Medicine, Prevalence, Author, Survey, Human, Scientific literature
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0445579
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.