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  1. Prevalence of articles with honorary authors and ghost authors in peer-reviewed medical journals.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    International Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication. Prague, CZE, 1997/09.

    Context.

    Authorship in biomedical publications establishes accountability, responsibility, and credit.

    Misappropriation of authorship undermines the integrity of the authorship system, but accurate data on its prevalence are limited.

    Objectives

    To determine the prevalence of articles with honorary authors (named authors who have not met authorship criteria) and ghost authors (individuals not named as authors but who contributed substantially to the work) in peer-reviewed medical journals and to identify joumal characteristics and article types associated with such authorship misappropriation.

    Design

    Mailed, self-administered, confidential survey.

    Participants

    A total of 809 corresponding authors (1179 surveyed, 69% response rate) of articles published in 1996 in 3 peer-reviewed, large-circulation general medical journals (Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA, and The New England Journal of Medicine) and 3 peer-reviewed, smaller-circulation journals that publish supplements (American Joumal of Cardiology, American Journal of Medicine, and American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology).

    Main Outcome Measures

    Prevalence of articles with honorary authors and ghost authors, as reported by corresponding authors.

    Results

    Of the 809 articles, 492 were original research reports, 240 were reviews and articles not reporting original data, and 77 were editorials. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Article, Médecine, Prévalence, Auteur, Enquête, Homme, Littérature scientifique, Auteur honoraire, Auteur fantôme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Article, Medicine, Prevalence, Author, Survey, Human, Scientific literature

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0445579

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.