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  1. Multiple authorship : The contribution of senior authors.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    International Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication. Prague, CZE, 1997/09.

    Context.

    The number of authors per article has increased markedly in recent years.

    Little is known about the hierarchical order of authorship and its change over time.

    Objective

    To assess the change in number and profile of authors of original articles published over a 20-year period in BMJ.

    It was hypothesized that the number of authors increased over this 20-year period and that it was the senior scientists who benefited most.

    Design

    Comparative descriptive analysis of the number and academic rank of authors who published original articles in BMJvolumes 270 (1975), 280 (1980), 290 (1985), 300 (1990), and 310 (1995).

    Main Outcome Measures

    The specific academic rank, order, and number of authors for each original article.

    Eight categories of authorship were distinguished as follows :

    • 1, professor ;

    • 2, department chairperson ;

    • 3, consultant ;

    • 4, senior registrar ;

    • 5, lecturer and/or registrar ;

    • 6, medical student ;

    • 7, house officer ;

    • and 8, miscellaneous.

    Results

    The number of original articles published per year decreased from 262 (1975) to 125 (1995).

    The mean number (SD) of authors per article increased steadily from 3.21 (SD, 1.89) (1975) to 4.46 (SD, 2.04) (1995).

    Most authors belonged to category 3, and its proportion varied from 24.7% (1975) to 22.6% (1995), while category 1 grew from 13.2% to 20.3%. Category 5 authorship dropped from 24.3% (1975) to 15.8% (1995).

    With regard to first authorship, category 1 more than doubled from 8.0% (1975) to 16. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Article, Médecine, Evolution, Nombre, Auteur, Cause, Exploration, Homme, Littérature scientifique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Article, Medicine, Evolution, Number, Author, Cause, Exploration, Human, Scientific literature

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0443511

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.