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  1. The FLAME research project : Introduction and methods : FLy-Ash and MEtals in Europe : Implications for human environmental health.

    Article - En anglais

    The FLAME (FLy-Ash and Metals in Europe : Implications for human and environmental health) research project funded by the EU COPERNICUS programme ran from 1994 to 1996.

    The main aims of the programme were to further develop an automated chemical characterisation to discriminate between fly-ash particles from the major fossil-fuels used throughout Europe (coal, oil, peat, brown coal and oil shale) and apply this to particles extracted from lake sediments taken from the four participating countries (Estonia, Czech Republic, Ireland and U.K.) in order to determine spatial distributions of deposited particulates from large combustion sources.

    In combination with trace metal analyses from lake surface sediments and catchment mosses, the fly-ash particle data were able to identify areas of elevated pollutant deposition and suggest potential sources for them.

    Given the transboundary nature of the pollutants, the techniques and results of FLAME are of relevance throughout Europe.

    Other papers in this volume describe results and interpretation.

    This paper describes the background and aims of the FLAME project, outlines the methods employed for sampling sediments and mosses and the analytical techniques for particle enumeration and trace metal analysis for sediments and mosses. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Programme recherche, Europe, Pollution air, Combustion, Combustible fossile, Cendre volante, Devenir polluant, Phénomène transport, Retombée atmosphérique, Analyse chimique, Sédiment lacustre, Méthode analyse, Analyse automatique, Elément trace, Métal lourd, Indicateur biologique, Musci, Bryophyta, Bassin versant, Inventaire source pollution

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Research program, Europe, Air pollution, Combustion, Fossil fuel, Fly ash, Pollutant behavior, Transport process, Atmospheric fallout, Chemical analysis, Lake sediments, Analysis method, Automatic analysis, Trace element, Heavy metal, Biological indicator, Musci, Bryophyta, Watershed, Pollution source inventory

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0442356

    Code Inist : 001D16C02. Création : 25/01/1999.