Best estimate of the magnitude of mortality due to occupational exposure to hazardous substances.
Objectives-With a proportionate attributable risk approach, to estimate the magnitude of premature mortality induced by exposure to hazardous substances in the Australian workforce.
Methods-Estimates of the magnitude of mortality induced by exposure to hazardous substances in the Australian workforce were calculated by the proportionate attributable risk approach after careful consideration of options for methodological refinements.
The main data sources used were unit mortality datasets (individual deidentified death records), and tabulations when these were unavailable.
The estimated number of deaths that occurred in Australia each year from occupational exposure to hazardous substances was 2290 ; 78% of these were men.
The rate of mortality attributable to occupational exposure to hazardous substances was three to four times greater in male workers than in female workers.
Male (productive) person-years of life lost (PYLL) were generally eight times higher than female PYLL.
Cancer was the prime cause of death, followed by renal, cardiovascular, neurological, and chronic respiratory disease.
Acute toxic episodes accounted for a small proportion of mortality but yielded a much larger proportion of PYLL, reflecting the relatively young ages of those who experienced fatal effects. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicologie, Composé chimique, Produit dangereux, Toxique, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Mortalité, Estimation, Méthode étude, Australie, Océanie, Evaluation, Risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Toxicology, Chemical compound, Dangerous product, Poison, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Mortality, Estimation, Investigation method, Australia, Oceania, Evaluation, Risk
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0442021
Code Inist : 002B03A. Création : 25/01/1999.