Quantitation of urinary cotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine, by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), was performed in parallel with questionnaires containing items on smoking status, such as active and/or passive smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked, and the presence or absence of active smokers in the surroundings in a department store (517 employees).
The cotinine values corrected by creatinine (cotinine-creatinine ratios, CCRs) approximately conformed to the extent of self-recognition of their exposure status to tobacco-smoke, and were low in the order of active smokers, passive smokers and non-smokers who felt they were not exposed to tobacco-smoke.
Occupational differences of the CCRs were not found in the employees.
In the active smokers, the CCRs were increasing according to the number of cigarettes per day they smoked, and the values were nearly proportional to nicotine contents of cigarette in the moderate smokers who smoked 11-20 cigarettes per day.
The CCRs of males were higher than those of females in the active smokers, which also agreed well with the numbers of cigarettes they smoked per day.
In the passive smokers, the CCRs were remarkably and significantly higher in subjects who felt they were exposed to tobacco-smoke both in their workplaces and homes.
Urinary CCRs measured by ELISA are thus found to be a reliable and excellent objective indicator of both active and passive exposure-status to tobacco-smoke.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Tabagisme passif, Nicotine, Urine, Taux, Technique ELISA, Analyse quantitative, Méthode mesure, Questionnaire, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Méthodologie, Homme, Japon, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Passive smoking, Nicotine, Urine, Rate, ELISA assay, Quantitative analysis, Measurement method, Questionnaire, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Methodology, Human, Japan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0441758
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 25/01/1999.