This study examined the impact of participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and Medicaid on risk on infant death in the United States.
The 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey was used to consider the risk of endogeneous and exogenous deaths among infants of women participating in WIC and Medicaid during pregnancy and the Infant's first year.
Participation in the WIC program during pregnancy and infancy was associated with a reduced risk of endogenous and exogenous infant deaths (odds ratios [ORs]=0.68 and 0.62, respectively).
The risk of endogenous death among infants whose mothers participated in Medicaid during pregnancy was equal to that of the privately insured (OR=1.04).
Uninsured infants faced higher risks of endogenous death (OR=1.42).
These results show that it is important to consider the net effect of WIC and Medicaid participation and to differentiate both the timing of program receipt and cause of death.
Evidence suggests that WIC and Medicaid programs have beneficial effects for poor women and their infants.
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Supplémentation, Régime alimentaire, Participation, Gestation, Pauvreté, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Nourrisson, Homme, Femelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévention, Alimentation, Medicaid
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Supplementation, Diet, Participation, Pregnancy, Poverty, Mortality, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Evaluation, Infant, Human, Female, United States, North America, America, Prevention, Feeding
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0441563
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 25/01/1999.