The association of nutrition status of children aged 7-12 years (n=663) with socioeconomic factors in a province of southern Thailand in 1995 was investigated.
Three type of schools were surveyed : a school with a higher educational standard (elite school) in the municipality of the province, a school with many children from low-income families (low-income school) in the same municipality, and five ordinary schools in rural areas of the province (district schools).
The proportions of obese children were 22.1%, 5.8% and 2.7%, respectively for the three type of schools, when obesity was defined as weight to height of over 120% of the median of children in Bangkok The risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for obesity in the elite and the low-income schools were 5.0 (3.5-7.2) and 1.9 (0.8-4.8), respectively, taking the district schools as a reference.
Our research suggested that the high prevalence of obesity among elite-school children could be related to the comparatively high socioeconomic status of the children's families.
It also shows that the children in the province studied were as a whole considerably leaner than children in the big cities of Thailand.
These results imply a need for appropriate interventions which cannot only prevent obesity, but also improve the malnutrition of school children in the rural provinces of southern Thailand.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Statut socioéconomique, Zone rurale, Variation géographique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Thaïlande, Asie, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Socioeconomic status, Rural area, Geographical variation, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Child, Human, School environment, Thailand, Asia, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0441332
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 25/01/1999.