The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions of eating patterns and the relationships among eating patterns, degree of overweightness and egogram characteristics among pupils.
The subjects were 871 boys and girls whose grades ranged from 4th to 6th.
They were selected from five elementary schools in Hirosaki and its suburbs, Japan.
They were classified into the following 5 groups by the degree of overweightness : lean group, standard group, slightly obese group, moderately obese group, and extremely obese group.
Eating patterns were measured by questionnaries, and AN-egogram was used for the measurement of egogram characteristics.
The results were as follows :
1. The ego state of pupils who eat their favorite dish even with a full stomach showed significantly lower A (adult) qualities and higher FC (free child) qualities than those who would not eat in this situation.
The egogram pattern of the former pupils exhibited the NP (nurturing parent) - low type. 2. The egogram pattern of pupils who engage in substitutive food intake exhibited the NP-low type. 3. Significant differences existed among the ego states CP (critical parent), NP, A, and FC as to reasons given for eating between meals. 4. The egogram pattern of the person who eats between meals at the time of « an empty stomach » showed a flat type of ego state with relatively low NP.
The person who eats « just at meal time » showed an A-dominant type. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Régime alimentaire, Comportement alimentaire, Personnalité, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Japon, Asie, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition, Alimentation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Diet, Feeding behavior, Personality, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, School environment, Japan, Asia, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder, Feeding
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0441241
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 25/01/1999.