Recent challenges to affirmative action suggest the need to reasses the status of the admission of underrespresented minority students to US medical schools.
The Association of American Medical Colleges provided US medical school enrollment data and characteristics.
Five measures of underrepresented minority enrollment and an overall performance scale were constructed for each school.
Multivriate regression identified significant overall performance predicators.
Predicted and observed values were compared.
Underrepresented minority enrollment increased by 43% after 1986, peaked at 2014 in 1994, did not increase in 1995, and decreased by 5% in 1996.
Enrollment was associated with increasing federal research funding and with percentage of underrepresented minorities in the source population (P<. 001).
The 1996 decline was alsmost entirely limited to public medical schools.
Those in California, Texas, Mississipi, and Louisiana accounted for 18% of 1995 enrollment but 44% of the 1996 decline.
Recent gains in medical school enrollment of under-represented minorities are being reversed, particularly at public institutions.
Implications exist for the health of poor, minority, and underserved communities, which are more likely to be cared by the underrepresented minority physicians.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etudiant, Médecin, Minorité, Accessibilité, Enseignement professionnel, Etude comparative, Evolution, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Student, Physician, Minority, Accessibility, Occupational education, Comparative study, Evolution, Human, United States, North America, America, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0440971
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 25/01/1999.