White, European, Western, Caucasian, or what ? inappropriate labeling in research on race, ethnicity, and health.
The quest for scientifically appropriate terminology in research on race, ethnicity, and health has largely bypassed the term White.
This and other words, such as Caucasian, are embedded in clinical and epidemiological discourse, yet they are rarely defined.
This commentary analyzes the issue from perspective of the epidemiology of the health of minority ethnic and racial groups in Europe and United States.
Minority groups are usually compared with populations described as White, Caucasian, European, Europid, Western, Occidental, indigenous, native and majority.
Such populations are heterogeneous, the labels nonspecific, and the comparisons misleading.
Terminology that reflects the research purpose - for example, reference, control, or comparison-is better (unlike White, these terms imply no norm), allowing neither writers nor readers to make stereotyped assumptions about the comparison populations.
This paper widens the debate on nomenclature for racial and ethnic groups.
Many issued need exploration, including whether there is a shared understanding among the international research community of the terms discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethnie, Caucasoïde, Européen, Recherche scientifique, Epidémiologie, Définition, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethnic group, Caucasoid, European, Scientific research, Epidemiology, Definition, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0440969
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 25/01/1999.