Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors : Findings for women from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination survey, 1988-1994.
Context. - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are higher among ethnic minority women than among white women in the United States.
However, because ethnic minority women are disproportionately poor, socioeconomic status (SES) may substantially explain these risk factor differences.
- To determine whether differences in CVD risk factors by ethnicity could be attributed to differences in SES.
- Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 1988 and 1994.
- Eighty-nine mobile examination centers.
- A total of 1762 black, 1481 Mexican American, and 2023 white women, aged 25 to 64 years, who completed both the home questionnaire and medical examination.
Main Outcome Measures
- Ethnicity and years of education (SES) in relation to systolic blood pressure, cigarette smoking, body mass index (BMI, a measure of weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters), physical inactivity, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C [the difference between total cholesterol and HDL-C]), and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
- As expected, most CVD risk factors were higher among ethnic minority women than among white women.
After adjusting for years of education, highly significant differences in blood pressure, BMI, physical inactivity, and diabetes remained for both black and Mexican American women compared with white women (P<. 001). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Statut socioéconomique, Ethnie, Facteur risque, Surveillance, Homme, Femelle, Régime alimentaire, Etude statistique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Socioeconomic status, Ethnic group, Risk factor, Surveillance, Human, Female, Diet, Statistical study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0440614
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 25/01/1999.