To verify that sick building symptoms are present in north-eastern France office workers ; to try to identify new confounding factors.
The design was that of a cross-sectional study with control group.
We studied with the same methods the personnel of an air-conditioned building (n=425), and of a naturally ventilated building (n=351).
Air temperature and humidity, bacterial and fungal densities were measured by the same technical staff in the two buildings.
A standard questionnaire on irritative and respiratory symptoms, personal and family history, and lifestyle was completed by the participants.
In univariate analysis, exposure to air-conditioning was associated with an increased prevalence of symptoms (odds ratios-OR-between 1.54 and 2.84).
A significant increase in sickness absence was also found among subects working in air-conditioned offices.
As a series of factors were suspected to interfere with these associations, logistic regression was applied.
This method confirmed exposure to be an independent determinant of 7 symptoms, and also identified two determinants not previously described : a family history of respiratory diseases and « do-it-yourself » activities.
We found the sick building symptoms to be present in a group of French office workers exposed to air-conditioning. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution intérieur, Bureau, Employé, Bâtiment malsain syndrome, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, France, Europe, Lorraine, Conditionnement air, Etiologie, Histoire familiale, Bricolage
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Indoor pollution, Office, Employee, Sick building syndrome, Human, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, France, Europe, Lorraine, Air conditioning, Etiology, Family story
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0437912
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 25/01/1999.