Singapore, a newly industrializing country in Southeast Asia, has a resident population of 3 million and a work force of 1.75 million.
Most workers are employed in the manufacturing, services, and commerce sectors.
Agricultural and mining activities are negligible.
In 1996 the infant mortality rate was 3.8 per 1,000 live births and the life expectancy at birth was 77 years.
In 1996 the total industrial accident rate was 2.7 per million man-hours worked and the severity rate was 353 industrial man-days lost per million man-hours worked.
The shipbuilding and construction industries had the most frequent and most severe accidents.
In the same year, 1,521 cases of occupational disease were notified to, and confirmed by, the Ministry of Labor.
The majority of cases involved noise-induced hearing loss.
There is substantial underreporting of cases.
New cases that are expected to appear will be work-related illnesses such as musculoskeletal or psychosocial disorders.
The principal occupational health legislation in Singapore is the Factories Act.
Although it selectively targets workers at highest risk of developing occupational illness, its main limitation is the exclusion of nonfactory workers, who comprise 63% of the working population.
Labor regulations are enforced by the Ministry of Labor.
Workmen's compensation paid in 1995 amounted to S $46.6 million (U.S. $1=S $1.75). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asie du sud est, Asie, Singapour, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Santé, Lieu travail, Milieu professionnel, Travailleur, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : South east Asia, Asia, Singapore, Occupational exposure, Human, Health, Work place, Occupational environment, Worker, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0437504
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 25/01/1999.