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  1. Fulltext. The AUDIT Alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C) : An effective brief screening test for problem drinking.

    Article - En anglais



    To evaluate the 3 alcohol consumption questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) as a brief screening test for heavy drinking and/or active alcohol abuse or dependence.


    Patients from 3 Veterans Affairs general medical clinics were mailed questionnaires.

    A random, weighted sample of Health History Questionnaire respondents, who had 5 or more drinks over the past year, were eligible for telephone interviews (N=447).

    Heavy drinkers were oversampled 2 : 1. Patients were excluded if they could not be contacted by telephone, were too ill for interviews, or were female (n=54).

    Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) were used to compare mailed alcohol screening questionnaires (AUDIT-C and full AUDIT) with 3 comparison standards based on telephone interviews :

    • (1) past year heavy drinking (>14 drinks/week or =5 drinks/occasion) ;

    • (2) active alcohol abuse or dependence according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,

    • Revised Third Edition, criteria ;

    • and (3) either.


    Of 393 eligible patients, 243 (62%) completed AUDIT-C and interviews.

    For detecting heavy drinking, AUDIT-C had a higher AUROC than the full AUDIT (0.891 vs 0.881 ; P=03).

    Although the full AUDIT performed better than AUDIT-C for detecting active alcohol abuse or dependence (0.811 vs 0.786 ; P<. 001), the 2 questionnaires performed similarly for detecting heavy drinking and/or active abuse or dependence (0. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Dépistage, Audit, Questionnaire, Facteur prédictif, Evaluation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Toxicologie, Psychopathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Medical screening, Audit, Questionnaire, Predictive factor, Evaluation, United States, North America, America, Human, Toxicology, Psychopathology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0431716

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 25/01/1999.