logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Fulltext. The AUDIT Alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C) : An effective brief screening test for problem drinking.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objective 

    To evaluate the 3 alcohol consumption questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) as a brief screening test for heavy drinking and/or active alcohol abuse or dependence.

    Methods 

    Patients from 3 Veterans Affairs general medical clinics were mailed questionnaires.

    A random, weighted sample of Health History Questionnaire respondents, who had 5 or more drinks over the past year, were eligible for telephone interviews (N=447).

    Heavy drinkers were oversampled 2 : 1. Patients were excluded if they could not be contacted by telephone, were too ill for interviews, or were female (n=54).

    Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) were used to compare mailed alcohol screening questionnaires (AUDIT-C and full AUDIT) with 3 comparison standards based on telephone interviews :

    • (1) past year heavy drinking (>14 drinks/week or =5 drinks/occasion) ;

    • (2) active alcohol abuse or dependence according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,

    • Revised Third Edition, criteria ;

    • and (3) either.

    Results 

    Of 393 eligible patients, 243 (62%) completed AUDIT-C and interviews.

    For detecting heavy drinking, AUDIT-C had a higher AUROC than the full AUDIT (0.891 vs 0.881 ; P=03).

    Although the full AUDIT performed better than AUDIT-C for detecting active alcohol abuse or dependence (0.811 vs 0.786 ; P<. 001), the 2 questionnaires performed similarly for detecting heavy drinking and/or active abuse or dependence (0. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Dépistage, Audit, Questionnaire, Facteur prédictif, Evaluation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Toxicologie, Psychopathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Medical screening, Audit, Questionnaire, Predictive factor, Evaluation, United States, North America, America, Human, Toxicology, Psychopathology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0431716

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 25/01/1999.