Current status of semen banking in the USA. Discussion.
Anonymous donor sperm banking has been a fundamental aspect of reproductive medicine for several decades.
In 1987,>170 000 women in the USA were treated for infertility using artificial insemination.
Current estimates suggest that the number of women seeking treatment for infertility has increased markedly since that time ; however, there are no accurate, updated data to indicate the magnitude of that increase.
Most anonymous donor sperm banks in the USA can be categorized as one of three types based upon administrative structure :
(i) physician practice based ;
(ii) hospital/clinic based ;
or (iii) commercial corporations.
Of these it is estimated that the most common structures are the physician office and hospital/clinic based banks.
However, the largest (i.e. those processing the most units) are the for-profit corporate banks.
A survey conducted in 1989 found that there were at least 135 sperm banks operating in the USA.
More recent information indicates the number of banks to be somewhere between 50 and 150.
Guidelines for anonymous donor sperm banking practices have been established by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and standards have been established by the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB).
The AATB has recently established an inspection and accreditation programme and six anonymous donor banks have been accredited in the last few years. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Don sperme, Banque sperme, Insémination artificielle, Ethique, Législation, Recommandation, Anonymat, Politique sanitaire, Procréation assistée, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Semen donation, Sperm bank, Artificial insemination, Ethics, Legislation, Recommendation, Anonymity, Health policy, Assisted procreation, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0430651
Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 25/01/1999.