Increasing frequency of mecillinam-resistant shigella isolates in urban Dhaka and rural Matlab, Bangladesh : a 6 year observation.
A total of 14,915 shigella isolates obtained in 1991-1996 from patients attending the Dhaka (urban) and Matlab (rural) treatment centres of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh were examined for susceptibility to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, mecillinam and ciprofloxacin by a disc diffusion method.
There were no ciprofloxacin-resistant shigella isolates.
The prevalence of resistance to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole and nalidixic acid varied between isolates.
It increased to similar degrees in isolates from both Matlab and Dhaka.
However, resistance to mecillinam was more prevalent among isolates from Matlab than from Dhaka.
The increase in mecillinam-resistant shigellae in the community may have grave implications for the empirical treatment of shigellosis in Bangladesh and other developing countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mécillinam, Antibiotique, Antibactérien, Résistance, Shigella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Isolat clinique, Homme, Bengla Desh, Asie, Fèces, Sensibilité résistance, Epidémiologie, Tétracycline dérivé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mecillinam, Antibiotic, Antibacterial agent, Resistance, Shigella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Clinical isolate, Human, Bangladesh, Asia, Feces, Sensitivity resistance, Epidemiology, Tetracycline derivatives
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0428507
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 25/01/1999.