To determine the difference in length of hospital stay for geriatric medical-surgical inpatients with or without psychiatric comorbidity, the authors prospectively interviewed 467 admissions by using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R and the MiniMental State Exam.
At admission, 208 (44.5%) inpatients had a current psychiatric comorbidity, 51 (10.9%) had an anxiety disorder, 88 (18.8%) had a depressive disorder and 126 (27%) had cognitive impairment.
The patients with cognitive impairment had a significantly prolonged hospital stay compared with those without cognitive impairment (14.6 vs. 10.6 days).
No difference existed in length of stay for the patients with and without anxiety disorders (11.6 vs. 11.6 days) or depressive disorders (11.0 vs. 11.8 days).
In view of the limited resources available for screening elderly medical-surgical inpatients for psychiatric comorbidity, this study suggests the utility of identifying cognitive impairment and targeting it for interventions to reduce the clinical burden and to decrease hospital stays.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Maladie, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Durée, Dépistage, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Disease, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Duration, Medical screening, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0428200
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 25/01/1999.