Asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Maltese 13-15 year-old schoolchildren - prevalence, severity and associated factors [ISAAC].
Barkground Allergic conditions, especially asthma, seem to be increasingly common the world over.
The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood [ISAAC] was the first worldwide study carried out with standardized questionnaires in order to create a reliable global map of childhood allergy.
Objectives The Maltese Islands were one of the centres participating in this study and in this paper the data obtained from 4184 13-15 year olds from 22 state and three private schools [88.7% response rate], and also data obtained from some added'local'questions addressed to the same children, are included. in order to evaluate the problem of allergic conditions in Maltese schoolchildren.
Results 27.9% of the participants were wheezers'ever'while 16% were current wheezers.
Of the latter children 15.1% were experiencing nocturnal wheezing at least once a week and 22% had a wheezing episode severe enough to limit speech.
Nasal problems were present in 52.7% of these teenagers and 47.4% of all respondents persisted with these symptoms up to the year of answering the questionnaire.
Hayfever had been diagnosed in 32.3% of all the children. 12.8% of respondents had a recurring itchy rash suggestive of eczema for at least 6 months of their lives and 10% had it currently. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Allergie, Rhinite, Eczéma, Malte, Europe, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Prévalence, Questionnaire, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Allergy, Rhinitis, Eczema, Malta, Europe, Child, Human, School age, Prevalence, Questionnaire, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, ENT disease, Nose disease, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0428157
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 25/01/1999.