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  1. A comparison of the prevalence of HIV infection and injecting risk behaviour in urban and rural samples in Scotland.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    To compare the prevalence of HIT/infection and injecting risk behaviour among injecting drug users from urban and rural areas.

    Designs

    Two samples of injecting drug users were recruited using a multi-site sampling strategy.

    Respondents were first interviewed by trained interviewers then specimens of saliva were collected for anonymous testing for antibodies to HIV Setting.

    Respondents were recruited from drug treatment services and street sites.

    Participants

    Respondents were eligible for inclusion in the study if they had « ever » injected a drug and were currently using drugs.

    Measurements

    Measurements taken included self-reported patterns of drug use and injecting risk behaviour.

    Specimens of saliva were tested for the presence of HIV infection using GACELISA with reactive specimens confirmed by Western blot analysis.

    Findings

    Our data indicate that there are two separate populations which are geographically discrete but broadly similar in profile and current injecting risk behaviour.

    The prevalence of HIV infection among IDUs from Dundee city was found to be 26.8% (95% Cl, 20.2% u-33. o%) compared with 3.7% (95% CI, 0.13% - 15.8%) for IDUs from rural Tayside.

    This marked difference in prevalence of HIV infection we attribute to a high level of injecting risk among urban IDUs between 1980 and 1984, limited migration from the urban epicentre of infection and a reluctance among rural IDUs to share with IDUs outside their immediate social and kinship networks. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Prise risque, Prévalence, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Milieu rural, Etude comparative, Milieu urbain, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Comportement, Santé, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Risk taking, Prevalence, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Rural environment, Comparative study, Urban environment, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Behavior, Health, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0427955

    Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 25/01/1999.