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  1. Fulltext. Maternal cigarette smoking, regular use of multivitamin/mineral supplements, and risk of fetal death : The 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey.

    Article - En anglais


    Data from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey were used to examine whether regular use of multivitamin/mineral supplements could modify the relation between maternal smoking and fetal death.

    Maternal smoking was defined as the self-reported average number of cigarettes smoked after recognition of pregnancy.

    Regular supplement use was defined as use of multivitamin/mineral supplements for at least 3 days per week during the 3 months before and/or after recognition of pregnancy.

    The sample comprises 12,465 singleton pregnancies, including 9,402 livebirths and 3,063 fetal deaths.

    Odds ratios were derived from logistic regression analyses after adjustment for a number of demographic and reproductive variables.

    Major findings are that 1) smoking increased the risk of fetal death ; 2) regular supplement use either before or after recognition of pregnancy did not affect the risk of fetal death in the absence of matemal smoking ; 3) odds ratios for fetal death among smoking women who regularly used supplements were generally smaller than those for women who did not regularly use supplements but who smoked a comparable number of cigarettes ; and 4) a significant negative excess risk due to interaction was observed among women who regularly used supplements before recognition of pregnancy and smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Mère, Supplémentation, Vitamine, Minéral, Mort, Gestation, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Activité biologique, Foetus, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Foetus pathologie, Gestation pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Mother, Supplementation, Vitamin, Minerals, Death, Pregnancy, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Biological activity, Fetus, United States, North America, America, Fetal diseases, Pregnancy disorders

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0427015

    Code Inist : 002B20F01. Création : 25/01/1999.