Occupational status and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the rapidly developing, high-risk population of Mauritius.
This study examined the relation between occupation and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in 2,795 individuals between ages 35 and 54 years from the rapidly developing island nation of Mauritius.
Participants attended a 1992 population-based survey of noncommunicable disease (89.1% response rate).
Occupational status, physical activity in the previous year, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption were assessed by questionnaire.
Anthropometric and metabolic measures included body mass index (kg/m2), waist-to-hip ratio, fasting serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol), triglycerides, 2-hour postload plasma glucose and serum insulin concentrations, and blood pressure.
In comparison with professional/skilled workers, age-adjusted means of insulin and glucose, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly (p<0.05) lower, and the age-adjusted mean for high density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly higher for unskilled men.
In women, risk factors other than LDL cholesterol varied significantly (p<0.05) across occupational categories, with homemakers tending to have the least favorable profile.
Unskilled workers reported significantly more physical activity (p<0.01), alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking (men only) (p<0.05) than did the other groups. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Activité professionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Mode de vie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Professional activity, Socioeconomic status, Life habit, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0426023
Code Inist : 002B12B06. Création : 25/01/1999.