This paper contends that there is no single definition of caring work, that it holds no intrinsic meaning in and of itself.
While in every human society there are work tasks that involve caring for others unable to adequately care for themselves, such caring work is almost always assigned in accordance with the overriding gender systems.
However, different economic structures and gender ideologies, supported by different types of state formations. tend to organize caring work in a multiplicity of ways.
Drawing on data from primary and secondary research on the related health care occupations of midwifery obstetrical nursing, and general nursing in three societal locations - Canada.
Sweden and Czechoslovakia Czecl Republic the authors suggest that the social organization of women's health caring work is the product of a complex interweaving of factors.
The formation of the state, and the specific social construction of the « public'and » private'spheres of society. play consequential roles in this process.
Mots-clés Pascal : Sage femme, Infirmier, Obstétrique, Activité professionnelle, Organisation sociale, Aspect social, Femme, Homme, Sexe, Etude comparative, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, République tchèque, Europe, Suède, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Midwife, Nurse, Obstetrics, Professional activity, Social organization, Social aspect, Woman, Human, Sex, Comparative study, Canada, North America, America, Czech Republic, Europe, Sweden, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0425130
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 25/01/1999.