Educational disabilities of neonatal intensive care graduates.
To determine the relationship between perinatal and sociodemographic factors in low birth weight and sick infants hospitalized at regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and subsequent educational disabilities.
NICU graduates born between 1980 and 1987 at nine statewide regionalized level III centers were located in Florida elementary schools (kindergarten through third grade) during academic year 1992-1993 (n=9943).
Educational disability was operationalized as placement into eight mutually exclusive types of special education (SE) classifications determined by statewide standardized eligibility criteria : physically impaired, sensory impaired (SI), profoundly mentally handicapped, trainable mentally handicapped, educable mentally handicapped, specific learning disabilities, emotionally handicapped, and speech and language impaired (SLI).
Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of placement in SE for selected perinatal and sociodemographic variables.
Placement into SE ranged from. 8% for SI to 9.9% for SLI.
Placement was related to four perinatal factors (birth weight, transport, medical conditions [congenital anomalies, seizures or intraventricular hemorrhage] and ventilation), and five sociodemographic factors (child's sex, mother's marital status, mother's race, mother's educational level, and family income). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance faible, Hospitalisation, Unité soin intensif, Facteur sociodémographique, Education, Incapacité, Etude longitudinale, Analyse statistique, Influence, Enfant, Homme, Nouveau né, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low birth weight, Hospitalization, Intensive care unit, Sociodemographic factor, Education, Disability, Follow up study, Statistical analysis, Influence, Child, Human, Newborn, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0424642
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 25/01/1999.