Analysis of the stressful effects of hospitalisation and source isolation on coping and psychological constructs.
This quantitative research has attempted to investigate the psychological effects of hospitalisation and source isolation, and assessed whether were they influential in affecting a patient's cognitive coping with these two stressors.
The research evaluated whether isolating a person because of an infection was a more stressful event (causing negative effects on four measured psychological constructs) than routine hospital admission.
The research was conducted in two large District General Hospitals and one elderly care hospital.
Individuals admitted to one of the research sites, and who satisfied the sample criteria, were adopted.
The total number of subjects was 40
The research design was quasi experimental (post test only control group design), using a quantitative approach.
Following a period of hospitalisation or isolation subjects in the control group (Group 1, hospitalised subjects, n=20) and subjects in the experimental group (Group 2, isolated subjects, n=20) were given the following to complete : the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale1, the Health Illncss (Powerlessness) Questionnaire2, and the Self Esteem Scale3.
These measured four psychological constructs
Anxiety, depression, self esteem and sense of control.
The quantitative data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics and the Student's t-test. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Effet psychologique, Stress, Isolement, Infection, Milieu hospitalier, Coping, Homme, Nursing
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Psychological effect, Stress, Isolation, Infection, Hospital environment, Coping, Human, Nursing
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0424385
Code Inist : 002A26N03B. Création : 25/01/1999.