Sexual and drug use behaviors among women crack users : Implications for prevention.
The literature suggests that important and contributing factors in the rise of HIV and AIDS among women are crack use and the exchange of sex for drugs or money.
However, not all women who use crack report they are exchanging sex for drugs or money.
Thus, women are at differential risk for HIV and AIDS.
The purpose of this study is to compare and describe women crack users (n=292) who reported exchanging sex for drugs and money with women crack users who did not report exchanging sex.
Results indicated that both women crack users who exchanged sex (n=162) and women crack users who did not exchange sex (n=130) were likely to be African American, to be about the same age, to have had incomes below $500 during the previous month, to have had similar educational and marital backgrounds, to have had unprotected sexual intercourse as often, to have had similar drug use patterns, and to have initiated drug use at similar ages.
However, women who exchanged sex had more sexual partners, had unprotected oral sex more often, used drugs before and during sex more often, and had a higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases than women who did not exchange sex.
In addition, women who exchanged sex were also twice as likely to be homeless, four times more likely to have been in treatment, and twice as likely to have been arrested and charged/booked two or more times in their lifetime than women who did not exchange sex.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Homme, Femelle, Prise risque, Comportement sexuel, Echange, Facteur sociodémographique, Prévention, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Crack
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Cocaine, Human, Female, Risk taking, Sexual behavior, Exchange, Sociodemographic factor, Prevention, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0423104
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 25/01/1999.