This paper is concerned with the cultural construction of reproduction and gender in Turkey as it relates to the remarkable decline from high levels of fertility to near-replacement levels.
It critiques demographic transition theory and family systems theory as found in the Turkish demographic discourse.
A combination of ethnographic and demographic methodologies are used.
The ethnographies are from working-class communities in Istanbul.
A concept of negotiated conduct is used to interpret family dynamics in matters of reproductive control replacing the family systems models that are based on the assumption of male domination or patriarchy.
It is found that the physical characteristics (male or female) of methods of contraception do not directly reveal whose power dominates negotiations.
The variety of experience shows that not only women, but also men, negotiate in favor of birth control or, in some instances, to birth more children.
The changes in structural conditions that brought fertility from high levels to near-replacement levels in Turkey were effective without very much « empowerment » of women.
The proposition that women's status, in terms of education and economic activity, must improve to bring about a fertility decline is questioned by the Turkish experience.
Mots-clés Pascal : Turquie, Asie, Démographie, Reproduction, Contrôle naissance, Fertilité, Tendance, Milieu culturel, Sexe, Contraception, Prise décision, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Turkey, Asia, Demography, Reproduction, Birth control, Fertility, Trend, Cultural environment, Sex, Contraception, Decision making, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0422950
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 25/01/1999.