International conference on intelligent robots and systems. Grenoble, FRA, 1997/09/07.
FIRST is a mobile robotic system suited to the transport within hospitals of heavy trolleys such as those containing laundry, meal trays, drugs, etc.
The system comprises a fleet of mobile robots, a central control station and several distributed control stations.
The robots may use any route following a network of paths taught during a teleoperation phase.
They navigate autonomously in the environment of the hospital, in particular in the presence of humans, be they hospital staff, patients or visitors, all in complete safety.
Autonomous nagivation requires the ability to react to unexpected events, hence the importance of a perceptual system which has two functions : to recognise obstacles in order to avoid them in a safe and autonomous fashion, and to detect all situations which could endanger people and goods during the transport and handling of the trolleys.
This paper presents the design principles and the performance of the perception system observed during site trials.
Mots-clés Pascal : Robotique, Robot mobile, Transport, Milieu hospitalier, Lourde charge, Chariot, Commande répartie, Système autonome, Perception, Architecture système, Télémétrie, Résultat expérimental, Détection collision
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Robotics, Moving robot, Transport, Hospital environment, Heavy load, Trolley, Distributed control, Autonomous system, Perception, System architecture, Range finding, Experimental result, Collision detection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0422159
Code Inist : 001D02D11. Création : 25/01/1999.