Understanding the culture of prescribing : qualitative study of general practitioners'and patients'perceptions of antibiotics for sore throats.
To better understand reasons for antibiotics being prescribed for sore throats despite well known evidence that they are generally of little help.
Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews, s. Setting : General practices in South Wales.
21 general practitioners and 17 of their patients who had recently consulted for a sore throat or upper respiratory tract infection.
Main outcome measures
Subjects'experience of management of the illness, patients'expectations, beliefs about antibiotic treatment for sore throats, and ideas for reducing prescribing.
Doctors knew of the evidence for marginal effectiveness yet often prescribed for good relationships with patients.
Possible patient benefit outweighed theoretical community risk from resistant bacteria.
Most doctor found prescribing against the evidence'uncomfortable and realised this probably increased workload.
Explanations of the distinction between virus and bacterium often led to perceived confusion.
Clinicians were divided on the value of leaflets and national campaigns, but several favoured patient empowerment for self care by other members of the primary care team.
Patient expectations were seldom made explicit, and many were not met.
A third of patients had a clear expectation for antibiotics, and mothers were more likely to accept non-antibiotic treatment for their children than for themselves. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Voie aérodigestive supérieure, Médecin généraliste, Pratique professionnelle, Antibiotique, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Prescription médicale, Relation médecin malade, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Upper aerodigestive tract, General practitioner, Professional practice, Antibiotic, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Medical prescription, Physician patient relation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0420624
Code Inist : 002B02S01. Création : 25/01/1999.