Project Active is a randomized clinical trial (N=235) comparing a lifestyle physical activity program with a structured exercise program in changing physical activity (total energy expenditure [kcal. kg-1. d-1]) and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak in mL. kg-1. min-1).
Sedentary but healthy adults (N=235) aged 35-60 years received 6 months of intensive intervention.
Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), adjusting for baseline measure, age, gender, body mass index (BMI), cohort, and ethnicity, showed that at 6 months both lifestyle and structured groups significantly increased energy expenditure over baseline (P<0.001).
The mean increases ±SE, 1.53± 0.19 kcal. kg-1. d-1 for the lifestyle group and 1.34±0.20 kcal. kg-1 d-1 for the structured group, were not significantly different between groups (P=0.49).
For cardiorespiratory fitness, both groups had significant increases from baseline (P<0.001).
Mean increases ± SE were 1.58± 0.33 mL. kg-1. min-1 and 3.64 ±0.33 mL. kg-1. min-1 for the lifestyle and structured groups, respectively.
This was significantly greater in the structured group (P<0.001).
We also studied changes in intensity of physical activity.
Both groups significantly increased moderate intensity activity from baseline, but the increase was significantly greater in the lifestyle group than the structured group (P=0.02). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Aptitude physique, Mode de vie, Exercice physique, Sédentaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical fitness, Life habit, Physical exercise, Sedentary, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0420110
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 25/01/1999.