Cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic status in African American and Caucasian women.
Self-reported cardiovascular risk factors of obesity, physical inactivity, and smoking in African American and Caucasian women in North Carolina were compared, controlling for socioeconomic status (SES).
Participants were 1,945 women aged 23 to 53 years ; 20.1% African American and 79.9% Caucasian.
Of the African American women, 38.8% were obese, 51.7% were inactive, and 31.2% smoked ; of the Caucasians, 19.9% were obese, 31.2% were inactive, and 33.8% smoked.
SES differed significantly by race (p<. 001).
Low and middle SES African American women were much more likely than high SES African Americans to be obese, inactive, and smokers.
Among Caucasian women, those with low SES had the greatest prevalence for all three risk factors.
After controlling for income and education, African American women were more than twice as likely as Caucasian women to be obese and to be inactive, but were only half as likely to smoke.
Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Appareil circulatoire, Obésité, Exercice physique, Tabagisme, Homme, Femelle, Noir américain, Caucasoïde, Race, Statut socioéconomique, Caroline du Nord, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Circulatory system, Obesity, Physical exercise, Tobacco smoking, Human, Female, Black American, Caucasoid, Race, Socioeconomic status, North Carolina, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0419825
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 25/01/1999.