This paper offers a perspective on the health impacts of air pollution from incinerators by making a number of comparisons in terms of emissions, concentrations, damages and damage costs.
The latter are estimated by an impact pathway analysis, tracing the fate of a pollutant from source to receptors.
Linearity is assumed for the increase of damages with incremental exposure.
The monetary valuation is based on a valuation of mortality in terms of years of life lost, rather than simply the number of premature deaths.
The method is applied to the incineration of municipal solid waste (MSW) with emissions equal to the regulations proposed by the European Commission in 1994 for typical per capita MSW production.
Even if all MSW is incinerated (in accordance with these regulations), the total health damage costs are relatively minor.
Also, the impacts of dioxins and carcinogenic metals are small compared to those of particles, NOx and SOx.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déchet solide, Déchet urbain, Traitement déchet, Traitement thermique, Usine incinération, Pollution air, Devenir polluant, Analyse risque, Analyse coût, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Analyse cheminement impact
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Solid waste, Urban waste, Waste treatment, Heat treatment, Incineration plant, Air pollution, Pollutant behavior, Risk analysis, Cost analysis, Epidemiology, Mortality, Impact pathway analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0417283
Code Inist : 001D16B03. Création : 25/01/1999.