Researchers disagree about whether exposure to asbestos causes significant respiratory impairments and airway obstruction in the absence of radiographic asbestosis and smoking.
To obtain confirmatory information, the authors examined pulmonary function of 208 nonsmoking female asbestos workers who did not have asbestosis and 136 controls.
The authors observed an overall lower single-breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity in the asbestos workers than in controls.
In addition, significant decreases in percentage vital capacity, percentage forced vital capacity, and percentage mean forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the forced vital capacity were evident in the older workers.
Logistic regression analysis revealed that asbestos exposure was associated with abnormal single-breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity, vital capacity, and mean forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the forced vital capacity among the older workers.
The age-related decline in vital capacity, forced vital capacity, and mean forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the forced vital capacity was significantly greater in the asbestos workers than the controls.
The findings imply that asbestos-exposure per se contributes predominantly to restricted lung volume and reduced single-breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity.
Asbestos may also cause slight airway obstruction, especially in workers who are heavily exposed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Amiante, Exposition professionnelle, Femelle, Homme, Médecine travail, Toxicité, Fonction respiratoire, Relation dose réponse, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asbestos, Occupational exposure, Female, Human, Occupational medicine, Toxicity, Lung function, Dose activity relation, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0417131
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 25/01/1999.