Strong regional links between socio-economic background factors and disability and mortality in Oslo, Norway.
To study geographical differences in mortality and disability and sosio-economic status in Oslo, Norway.
A total of 25 local authority districts within the city of Oslo.
Analysis of age adjusted mortality rates aged 0-74 in the period 1991-1994, and cross sectional data on disability pensioners aged 50-66 and socio-economic indicators (low education, single parenthood, unemployment, high income) in 1994.
Main outcome measures
The levels of correlation between the health outcomes (mortality and disability) and sosio-economic exposure variables.
The geographical patterns of mortality and disability display substantial similarities and show strong linear correlation with area measures of socio-economic deprivation.
The ratios between the highest and lowest area mortality rates were 3.3 for men and 2.1 for women, while the high-low ratios of disability were 7.0 for men and 3.8 for women.
For women deprivation measures are better correlated with disability than mortality.
While disability and mortality display similar correlations with deprivation measures for men.
The social gradients in health are substantial in Oslo.
Further ecological analysis of cause specific morbidity and mortality and the distribution of risk factors ought to be done to identify problem areas suitable for interventions. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Incapacité, Mortalité, Taux, Statut socioéconomique, Variation géographique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Homme, Norvège, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disability, Mortality, Rate, Socioeconomic status, Geographical variation, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Prevalence, Human, Norway, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0413294
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 25/01/1999.