A death certificate-based study of occupation and mortality from reproductive cancers among women in 24 US States.
We conducted a study of occupation and mortality from reproductive cancers among women, based on death certificates from 24 US states for the period 1984-1993.
There were 9,523 cervical cancer deaths, 12,335 endometrial cancer deaths, and 25,212 ovarian cancer deaths.
Usual occupation and industry, which were obtained from death certificates, were coded using the 1980 Bureau of Census classification system.
Mortality odds ratios (MORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, using all non-cancer deaths as the referent disease category, In general, jobs involving professional or administrative occupations were related to increased risk of mortality from endometrial and ovarian cancer, while cervical cancer mortality was increased among women employed in manufacturing, service, farm work, and health care technician and aide occupations.
Associations with some occupations involving exposure to chemicals and metals, such as the associations between cervical cancer and employment in printing, typesetting, and machine operating occupations, deserve further attention.
Similarly, further investigations should be made into the excess of ovarian cancer observed in several occupations in health care, an industry that has numerous hazardous exposures, including radiation, chemotherapeutic drugs, and viruses.
The study results reflect, in part, socioeconomic factors and reproductive patterns but may also indicate a possible etiologic role for occupational chemical exposures.
Mots-clés Pascal : Femelle, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Tumeur maligne, Endomètre, Ovaire, Col utérus, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Etude socioéconomique, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Utérus pathologie, Ovaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Female, Human, Occupational exposure, Malignant tumor, Endometrium, Ovary, Uterine cervix, United States, North America, America, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Etiology, Socioeconomic study, Female genital diseases, Uterine diseases, Ovarian diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0408093
Code Inist : 002B20C02. Création : 25/01/1999.