To study the effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on working capabilities and social participation. including non-paying jobs, during the first 6 yr of disease.
In April 1996. a self-reporting questionnaire was sent to 424 participants of a a population-based clinical trial of therapeutic strategies for early RA initiated in 1990.
A total of 363 completed questionnaires were returned (response=86%). Disease duration varied from
The employment rate was low in the RA population compared to the Dutch population.
In the male 45-to 64-yr-old group. 63% of RA patients were not employed compared to 32% of the Dutch population (P<0.01).
In the female 45-to 64-yr-old group. 76% of the RA population vs 67% of the Dutch were not employed (P<0.05).
Of the employed patients, 59% reported that RA affected their working capabilities. e.g. they worked an average of 21 h per week less due to RA.
Of the patients without a paying job. 41% believed that this was (partly) due to RA.
In addition. fewer RA patients had non-paying jobs and they performed fewer household activities compared to the general Dutch population.
RA already has a negative influence on the working capabilities, social participation and household activities of these patients during the first 6 yr of disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Polyarthrite rhumatoïde, Incapacité, Analyse coût, Epidémiologie, Etude impact, Emploi, Travail, Questionnaire, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Chronique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rheumatoid arthritis, Disability, Cost analysis, Epidemiology, Impact study, Employment, Labour, Questionnaire, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Chronic, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0404292
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 25/01/1999.