Types of social support as predictors of psychiatric morbidity in a cohort of British Civil Servants (Whitehall II Study).
Few studies have examined prospectively both the direct and buffering effects of types of social support and social networks on mental health.
This paper reports longitudinal associations between types of social support and psychiatric morbidity from the Whitehall II study.
Social support was measured by the Close Persons Questionnaire and psychiatric morbidity by the General Health Questionnaire at baseline (1985-1988) and at first follow-up (1989) in 7697 male and female London-based civil servants aged 35-55 years at baseline.
The cohort was followed up and baseline measures were used to predict psychiatric disorder measured by the General Health Questionnaire at second follow-up (1991-1993).
Longitudinal analyses showed that low confiding/emotional support in men and high negative aspects of close relationships in men and women were associated with greater risk of psychiatric morbidity even after adjustment for baseline General Health Questionnaire score.
There was no evidence of a buffering effect among men or women who experienced life events or chronic stressors.
Controlling for a personality measure of hostility did not affect the observed relations.
The present findings illustrate that different types of support are risk factors for psychological distress and that they operate in different ways for men and women. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Support social, Facteur risque, Trouble psychiatrique, Sexe, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social support, Risk factor, Mental disorder, Sex, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0403760
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 25/01/1999.