Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy among Omani diabetics.
Aims-To study the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in a population of patients attending a diabetic clinic and to evaluate the medical risk factors underlying its development.
Methods-500 randomly selected diabetic patients attending the diabetes clinic in Al Buraimi hospital were referred to the ophthalmology department where they were fully evaluated for the absence or presence of retinopathy.
Any retinopathy present was graded as mild non-proliferative retinopathy (NPR), moderate-severe NPR, and proliferative retinopathy.
Several risk factors were then evaluated in order to delineate those related to occurrence of retinopathy in general as well as to the different grades of retinopathy in particular.
Diabetic retinopathy was detected in 212 patients (42.4%), with mild NPR present in 128 patient (25.6% of the total population), moderate-severe NPR in 20 patients (4%), and proliferative diabetic retinopathy present in 64 patients (12.8%). Factors significantly related to occurrence of retinopathy were age of the patient, duration of diabetes, presence of ischaemic heart disease, presence of hypertension, a high fasting capillary glucose level as well as elevated serum levels of urea, creatinine, cholesterol, and triglycerides. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète, Rétinopathie, Complication, Oman, Asie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Homme, Endocrinopathie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diabetes mellitus, Retinopathy, Complication, Oman, Asia, Prevalence, Risk factor, Human, Endocrinopathy, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0401914
Code Inist : 002B21E01B. Création : 25/01/1999.