Few reports exist of cognitive impairment and associated factors in developing countries.
An age-stratified random sample of 388 men and women, 55 years and older, was drawn from a community-based population in the rural area of Ballabgarh in northern India.
We classified as « cognitively impaired » those subjects who had scores below the 10th percentile of the population on a general mental status test (the Hindi Mental State Exam, HMSE) and, separately, on a memory test (Delayed Recall of a 10-Item Word List, DRWL).
Three hundred seventy-six subjects also underwent a standardized neurologic history and examination.
Neurologic factors associated with cognitive impairment, after adjusting for age, gender, and literacy, were history of impaired consciousness and findings of gait disturbance, diminished deep tendon reflexes, and the presence of at least one primitive reflex.
We speculate that there may be unique risk factors in developing countries such as nutritional deficiencies leading to focal deficits and cognitive impairment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Inde, Asie, Trouble cognition, Trouble neurologique, Association morbide, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, India, Asia, Cognitive disorder, Neurological disorder, Concomitant disease, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0400732
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 25/01/1999.