Alcohol-related problems in taiwan with particular emphasis on alcoholic liver diseases.
Meeting of the Asian Pacific Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism (ASBRA). Tokyo, JPN, 1997/09/11.
Socioeconomic development has led to a progressive increase of alcohol consumption in Taiwan, with an accompanying increase in alcohol-related psychiatric problems, traffic accidents, and liver disease.
The prevalent rates of alcohol dependence for Han Chinese and Fornosan aborigines were 0.1% and 1%, respectively in 1950.
The rate of alcohol dependence increased to 23% for aborigines in 1995.
The number of cases of death and serious injuries due to alcohol-related traffic accident has decreased, and the number of fatalities resulting from these accidents has decreased from third to eighth since the inception of a program of random traffic stops with alcohol breath test in 1997.
Alcohol liver disease (ALD) was defined as daily alcohol consumption of 60 g, for a duration of longer than 5 years.
We classified ALD patients into two groups : (1) those whose average daily consumption of alcohol exceeded 120 g for duration longer than 15 years (group A) ; and (2) all other patients (group B).
The case records of 33 cases of biopsy-confirmed ALD were obtained for study.
The average of daily alcohol consumption in these cases was 160 g. All but one of these patients were male, age ranged from 26 to 69 years, with an average of 43.1. Clinically, ill-defined gastrointestinal symptoms were the most common presentation (61%), and hepatomegaly was the main physical sign (73%). The average mean corpuscular volume values of ALD and non-ALD patients were 102.3 ± 10.94 and 94.5 ± 8. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Epidémiologie, Foie pathologie, Toxicité, Alcoolisme, Consommation, Homme, Taiwan, Asie, Boisson alcoolisée, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Epidemiology, Hepatic disease, Toxicity, Alcoholism, Consumption, Human, Taiwan, Asia, Alcoholic beverage, Digestive diseases
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0400089
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 25/01/1999.