Self-reported health problems among Swedish miners one year after unemployment.
Unemployment is considered to be a public health concern since deterioration in the health of the unemployed is often anticipated.
However, for some groups, such as miners, unemployment might improve health due to a cessation of potentially harmful occupational exposures.
This study evaluates the health of 79 miners in one Swedish iron-ore mine, and 226 age-matched controls from the general population, during one year after the closure of the mine.
The participants received a questionnaire regarding medical history and subjective symptoms at the beginning of the study period, and after one year.
Statistically significant negative effects on self-reported health attributable to unemployment were not found, although neuropsychiatric symptoms were more common among the unemployed miners.
The miners reported a statistically significant improvement in grip force (p=0.031).
They had a significantly higher prevalence of symptoms associated with mining related exposures when compared with the population controls ; pain in the upper extremities [relative risk (RR)=2.27,95% confidence interval (Cl)=1.44-3.59), back pain (RR=1.84 ; Cl=1.23-2.75), vasospastic disease of the fingers (RR=2.05 ; Cl=1.18-3.57) and obstructive respiratory symptoms (attacks of dyspnea and wheezing.
RR=3.67 ; Cl=1.16-11.6).
Mots-clés Pascal : Mine, Fer, Industrie extractive, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Santé, Chomage, Autoévaluation, Suède, Europe, Homme, Amélioration, Symptomatologie, Histoire professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mine, Iron, Mining industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Health, Unemployment, Self evaluation, Sweden, Europe, Human, Improvement, Symptomatology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0397457
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 25/01/1999.