Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting exposure to rat and mouse urinary allergens.
Methods Ambient and personal air sampling was performed on a large scale in 7 laboratory animal facilities.
Results Allergens were mainly present as large particles (>5.8 mum).
The higher the number of animals in a room, the higher the allergen concentrations.
Allergen levels were twice as high on Mondays as on other days due to the tasks performed on Mondays.
Filter tops on animal cages were associated with 6-17 times lower ambient allergen levels.
An inverse day-night rhythm for rats produced =10 times higher rat urinary allergen levels.
Personal exposure to rat and mouse urinary allergens differed between job titles but especially between facilities, probably because of differences in task performance and technology.
Task-specific sampling revealed that the highest personal exposure levels occurred when contaminated bedding and high numbers of conscious animals were handled.
The proportion of time spent on these tasks determined the degree of allergen exposure to a large extent.
Conclusions This study showed that the number of animals present in the room, use of filter top cages, and an inverse day-night rhythm were important determinants of rat and mouse urinary allergens in ambient air.
Personal exposure to rat and mouse urinary allergens was predominantly determined by the task and site and, to a limited extent, by ambient exposure levels. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel laboratoire, Animalerie, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Teneur air ambiant, Allergène, Urine, Rat, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Souris, Animal laboratoire, Déterminant antigénique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Laboratory staff, Laboratory animal facility, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Ambient air concentration, Allergen, Urine, Rat, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Mouse, Laboratory animal, Antigenic determinant
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0396829
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 25/01/1999.