Several studies have demonstrated that immigrants in Scandinavian countries are more affected by psychosocial disabilities than the native-born population.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible impact of work-related stressors on psychiatric health in immigrants compared to native Swedes.
The study included a cluster selected cohort of 1,040 men born in 1944 (participation ratio=79.9%), living in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Of these, 182 (18.0%) were immigrants, defined as being born outside Sweden.
Information on work conditions and psychiatric health were obtained by self-administered questionnaires.
Employment in native Swedes showed inverse associations to frequent use of anxiolytics [relative risk (RR)=0.2 ; 95% confidence interval (Cl)=0.06-0.4], frequent use of hypnotics (RR=0.1 ; Cl=0.02-0.2) and use of antidepressants (RR=0.3 ; Cl=0.2-0.5).
None of the employed immigrants used anxiolytics or hypnotics frequently.
Swedes seemed to display a number of psychiatric ill-health factors related to working conditions.
These factors included frequent use of hypnotics, frequent insomnia, use of antidepressants, a high degree of melancholy, and were related to shift work, dissatisfaction with current work and management and a low degree of influence on work situation, often related to a high degree of stress at work and a frequent desire to change type of work.
These associations were not seen in immigrants, apart from the risk of frequent insomnia (RR=4.7 ; Cl=1. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Suède, Europe, Autochtone, Immigrant, Médecine travail, Travailleur, Homme, Autoévaluation, Condition travail, Santé mentale, Etude transversale, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sweden, Europe, Autochtonous, Immigrant, Occupational medicine, Worker, Human, Self evaluation, Working condition, Mental health, Cross sectional study, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0396396
Code Inist : 002B30B02B. Création : 25/01/1999.