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  1. A cross-sectional study of self-reported work conditions and psychiatric health in native Swedes and immigrants.

    Article - En anglais

    Several studies have demonstrated that immigrants in Scandinavian countries are more affected by psychosocial disabilities than the native-born population.

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible impact of work-related stressors on psychiatric health in immigrants compared to native Swedes.

    The study included a cluster selected cohort of 1,040 men born in 1944 (participation ratio=79.9%), living in Gothenburg, Sweden.

    Of these, 182 (18.0%) were immigrants, defined as being born outside Sweden.

    Information on work conditions and psychiatric health were obtained by self-administered questionnaires.

    Employment in native Swedes showed inverse associations to frequent use of anxiolytics [relative risk (RR)=0.2 ; 95% confidence interval (Cl)=0.06-0.4], frequent use of hypnotics (RR=0.1 ; Cl=0.02-0.2) and use of antidepressants (RR=0.3 ; Cl=0.2-0.5).

    None of the employed immigrants used anxiolytics or hypnotics frequently.

    Swedes seemed to display a number of psychiatric ill-health factors related to working conditions.

    These factors included frequent use of hypnotics, frequent insomnia, use of antidepressants, a high degree of melancholy, and were related to shift work, dissatisfaction with current work and management and a low degree of influence on work situation, often related to a high degree of stress at work and a frequent desire to change type of work.

    These associations were not seen in immigrants, apart from the risk of frequent insomnia (RR=4.7 ; Cl=1. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Suède, Europe, Autochtone, Immigrant, Médecine travail, Travailleur, Homme, Autoévaluation, Condition travail, Santé mentale, Etude transversale, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sweden, Europe, Autochtonous, Immigrant, Occupational medicine, Worker, Human, Self evaluation, Working condition, Mental health, Cross sectional study, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0396396

    Code Inist : 002B30B02B. Création : 25/01/1999.