Sick-leave between 1984 and 1989 was higher among both female (n=515) and male (n=304) fish-processing workers [observed/expected (O/E) 2.24 and 1.69, respectively] than among non-exposed groups (0.62 and 0.89).
Diagnoses in the musculoskeletal system dominated (i.e., neck/upper limbs ; females, exposed VS. non-exposed workers : 30 VS. 12% ; males : 11 vs. 5.8%). In subjects who left employment, the O/E-ratio decreased (females : 3.02 VS. 1.55 ; males : 2.40 VS. 1.55).
Among those women hired before the start of the observation period, exposed subjects had higher frequencies of sick-leave than non-exposed, for both total illness and musculoskeletal diagnoses.
In the men, there were corresponding differences, though not fully statistically significant.
Reported occupational diseases [O/E :
females : 4.5 ;
(95% confidence interval) Cl=3.2-6.1 ;
males : 2.3 ;
Cl=1.3-3.9] and accidents (females : 4.3 ; Cl=3.0-5.9 ; males : 1.8 ; Cl=1.2-2.7) were also higher in female than in male fish-processing workers, and much higher than in non-exposed workers.
In conclusion, work in the fish-processing industry was associated with increased frequencies of sick-leave, especially because of diagnoses of the musculoskeletal system, and occupational disorders and accidents. in particular among female workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie poisson, Industrie alimentaire, Absentéisme, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Maladie professionnelle, Accident travail, Epidémiologie, Suède, Europe, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fish industry, Food industry, Absenteeism, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Occupational disease, Occupational accident, Epidemiology, Sweden, Europe, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0396151
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 25/01/1999.